Thursday, February 28, 2019
American foreign policy Essay
Foreign policy refers to the strategies that governments employ to guide their actions towards some other countries. The U. S. inappropriate policy is founded on the principles of state and tenets liberalization (Goldstein, 2003). The U. S. contrary policy takes into account issues of human rights, economic growth and development, terrorism and environmental adulteration and addresses them as challenges that can best be addressed through body politic in countries and institutions throughout the introduction (Goldstein, 2003).The U. S. foreign policy has undergone significant transitions that fight down different historical percentage points in the world that include the World war I, the World War II, the Cold War, the post Cold War period and the folk 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The United Nations and the United States atomic number 18 arguably the just about magnateful players in the foreign system as well as in the global political economics as a whole.Having been formed with the principal(prenominal) objective of promoting and achieving sustainable peace in the world, the United Nations remains the most dominant and most influential International Governmental Organization in the world (Roberts & Kingsbury 1994).In theoretical terms, the fundamental significance of the United Nations as well as the operational challenges faced by the institution are illustrated in the theory of naturalism which states that there is no world government, or political authority above the state, a situation that netly reduces the foreign system to absolute anarchy with the absence of any overarching political consistence with the capacity to enforce law and order among its members or nation states (Roberts & Kingsbury 1994).The realness theory stresses on the centrality of the state, or nation state as the ultimate political authority in the politics of the international system. As such, the dominant motive of all states is self-preservation through maxim ization of power, a characteristic that in effect transforms the international system of a war of all against all (Goldstein, 2003). The realism theory further argues that stability is best achieved in the balance of power which can be achieved through increased interactions among states, with the most powerful rustic playing the role of a hempen necktie (Goldstein, 2003).Today, the U. S. is the most powerful uncouth in the world and has effectively assumed the role of a balancer in the international system, with the United Nations serving as the overarching political remains with capacity to enforce law and order among its member states. Domestic human beings Attitudes toward Foreign Policy in the United States At the domestic level, the U. S. foreign policy enjoys a lot of stick out among the citizenry. According to a calculate by World national Opinion. org, a strong absolute majority of U. S. citizens victuals of the U. S. involvement in the world.However, the number o f U. S. citizens who feel disgruntled by the verdant foreign policies is growth steadily. The World Public Opinion. org has established that Americans overwhelmingly support the continued leadership role that the U. S. plays in the world. These findings were based on a 2006 GMF poll which indicated that 84 percent of those polled saying it was desirable for the U. S to use strong leadership affairs, with 43 percent having been quoted as expressing a US global influence as being very desirable, and only 14 percent expressing their concerns about the U.S. global influence. However, the overwhelming support of the U. S foreign policy by its citizenry does support the role of the U. S. in global affairs as a hegemony, but rather supports the idea of overlap leadership roles with other players in the international system. A significant component of the U. S population believes that the U. S security has been threatened by the centering the U. S. has been using the threats of milita ry force as leverage in the international system.In a poll conducted by the World Public Opinion. org, 63 percent of the respondents were of the view that the U. S. military threats prompt other countries to be preventative by developing and acquiring weapons of mass destruction. In another go off that was carried out in 2003 by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, majority of the U. S. citizens faulted the war in Iraq, with 66 percent of the respondents believing that the war has had minus effects on the relations between the U. S. and the Muslim world.According to the survey, 64 percent of the respondents verbalized concerns that the war will not promote democracy in the Middle East maculation a further 61percent expressed fears that the war will not reduce the threat of terrorism. International Public Attitudes toward Foreign Policy in the United States There has been a growing disdain for the U. S. foreign policy in many countries throughout the world. The September 11 te rrorist attacks and the subsequent U. S. war on terror are seen as having particularly caused dramatic shifts in U. S. foreign policy (Grant, 2004).The military trading operations in Afghanistan that have been ongoing since October 2001 to date and the U. S. invasion of Iraq have taken toll on the image of the United States with people from around the world and those in the Muslim countries in particular showing the lowest ratings for the U. S foreign policy. According to the Pew Global Attitudes Project that is run by the Washington DC based Pew Research Centre, Americas image relative to the countrys foreign policy has dropped immensely over the years.According to the report of the project, the United States is trailing many countries in favorability ratings. Countries such as France, Germany, China and Japan are more frequent than the U. S in the European Union countries and Muslim countries. The study showed that while the ratings of the U. S were highest in Asian countries s uch as India, the favorability ratings of the country dropped by 15 percent in India between 2005 and 2006. The study further indicated that levels of ostracize attitudes that the populations of Western Europe have towards America are even high than they were in 2002 before the Iraq invasion.The Pew Global Attitudes Project report to a fault showed low ratings for President George supply both domestically and internationally, with the confidence in bush to make the right decisions in international affairs having dropped in seven of the eleven countries in 2005 as provided by the data that bring in the trends. The report further indicates a steady slump of rating for George Bush in European countries and among predominantly Muslim populations. George Bush registered the largest slump of ratings in the U. S. from 62 percent in 2005 to 50 percent in 2006.In regard to the War on Terror, the Pew Global Attitudes Project report an overwhelming decrease in international humans support for the U. S led war on terrorism. With Muslim countries having obviously registered the highest levels of criticisms against the war on terror, Spain and Japan also registered almost virtual collapse of support for the counter-terrorism war. As of 2006, the support for war on terror in Spain had reduced to 19 percent from 63 percent in 2003 while Japan registered public support of 26 percent from 61 percent in 2002, accord to information provided by the Pew Global Attitudes Project.